Recurrent epistaxis from inflamed granulated tissue and an associated pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery: case report

Ja Yoon Kim, Yong Bae Kim, Joonho Chung
2021 BMC Neurology  
Background Chronic inflamed tissue in nasal cavity is a rare complication of transsphenoidal approach (TSA). Inflamed tissue is rich in blood vessels, which can lead to frequent nosebleeds. In addition, chronic inflammation can cause pseudoaneurysm, whose rupture results in massive epistaxis. There have been few reported cases of pseudoaneurysm of ICA occurring more than 10 years after TSA surgery. Case presentation We report a case of a patient who had recurrent epistaxis for over a decade
more » ... r TSA surgery, and analyzed the causes of the nosebleeds. The aspect of occurrence of the nosebleeds and the result of biopsy and imaging tests suggest that the nosebleeds were due to chronic inflamed tissue and an associated pseudoaneurysm. The rupture of pseudoaneurysm recurred after treatment with stent placement, and brain abscess was developed. After removing the inflamed tissue by endoscopic resection, the patient no longer had recurrence of ruptured pseudoaneurysm or nosebleeds. Conclusions In patients with recurrent nosebleeds, the possibility of intranasal inflammation and subsequent pseudoaneurysm should be considered. Therefore, people who consistently have epistaxis after TSA, even if the bleeding is not in large amount, should be actively screened and treated for nasal chronic inflammation.
doi:10.1186/s12883-021-02254-0 pmid:34082741 fatcat:vjylk6rhdnbhlav2f4knllxtc4