Grouting Reinforcement Technique in Wind Oxidation Zone by Power Law Superfine Cement Slurry Considering the Time-Varying Rheological Parameters
Advances in Civil Engineering
With the recovery of the wind oxidation zone in 13116 working face of Gubei Coal Mine as the engineering background, the occurrence condition of coal seam and the bedrock wind oxidation zone characteristics were analyzed. On this basis, the time-varying rheological parameters of superfine cement slurry and the permeability characteristic parameters of roof strata in wind oxidation zone were measured; then, a grout diffusion equation was established with the parameters obtained previously for
... permeability characteristics of roof strata in the wind oxidation zone of Gubei Coal Mine. The grouting design was applied in actual engineering projects and its engineering effect has been proved to be satisfactory. The results indicate that superfine cement slurry whose water-cement ratio is 0.6 is a typical power-law slurry consistent with time-varying rheological parameters. It has better rheological properties during pumpable period, and its rheological parameters can be controlled by highly dispersive nano-SiO2 and polycarboxylate superplasticizer. For grouting in wind oxidized zone, comprehensive consideration must be given to effective permeability Ke, porosity ∅ , and time-varying rheological parameters c0, k, and n. To realize effective diffusion of grouting in coal and rock mass, grouting pressure and diffusion time must be reasonably designed rather than excessively increased.