Learning linguistic constructions grounded in qualitative action models

Maximilian Panzner, Judith Gaspers, Philipp Cimiano
2015 2015 24th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN)  
Aiming at the design of adaptive artificial agents which are able to learn autonomously from experience and human tutoring, in this paper we present a system for learning syntactic constructions grounded in perception. These constructions are learned from examples of natural language utterances and parallel performances of actions, i.e. their trajectories and involved objects. From the input, the system learns linguistic structures and qualitative action models. Action models are represented as
more » ... are represented as Hidden Markov Models over sequences of qualitative relations between a trajector and a landmark and abstract away from concrete action trajectories. Learning of action models is driven by linguistic observations, and linguistic patterns are, in turn, grounded in learned action models. The proposed system is applicable for both language understanding and language generation. We present empirical results, showing that the learned action models generalize well over concrete instances of the same action and also to novel performers, while allowing accurate discrimination between different actions. Further, we show that the system is able to describe novel dynamic scenes and to understand novel utterances describing such scenes.
doi:10.1109/roman.2015.7333632 dblp:conf/ro-man/PanznerGC15 fatcat:4yeuv456hvfgva2p5arun6qktm