Watershed, Hierarchical Segmentation and Waterfall Algorithm [chapter]

Serge Beucher
1994 Computational Imaging and Vision  
A major drawback when using the watershed transformation as a segmentation tool comes from the over-segmentation of the image. Over-segmentation is produced by the great number of minima embedded in the image or in its gradient. A powerful technique has been designed to suppress over-segmentation by a primary selection of markers pointing out the regions or objects to be segmented in the image. However, this approach can be used only if we are able to compute the marker set before applying the
more » ... atershed transformation. But, in many cases and especially for complex scenes, this is not possible and an alternative technique must be used to reduce the over-segmentation. This technique is based on mosaic images and on the computation of a watershed transform on a valued graph derived from the mosaic images. This approach leads to a hierarchical segmentation of the image and considerably reduces over-segmentation. Then, this hierarchical segmentation is redefined by means of a new algorithm called the waterfall algorithm. This algorithm allows the selection of minima and of catchment basins of higher significance compared to their neighborhood. A very powerful implementation of this algorithm using geodesic reconstruction of functions is also presented. Finally, this approach is compared to another powerful tool introduced by M. Grimaud for selecting significant extrema in an image: the dynamics.
doi:10.1007/978-94-011-1040-2_10 dblp:conf/ismm/Beucher94 fatcat:m3n7pljwanattgg7npcpja3dh4