The influence of single-channel liquid CO2 and MQL delivery on surface integrity in machining of Inconel 718

Luka Sterle, Dinesh Mallipeddi, Peter Krajnik, Franci Pušavec
2020 Procedia CIRP  
In today's business environment, the trend towards more product variety and customization is unbroken. Due to this development, the need of agile and reconfigurable production systems emerged to cope with various products and product families. To design and optimize production systems as well as to choose the optimal product matches, product analysis methods are needed. Indeed, most of the known methods aim to analyze a product or one product family on the physical level. Different product
more » ... ferent product families, however, may differ largely in terms of the number and nature of components. This fact impedes an efficient comparison and choice of appropriate product family combinations for the production system. A new methodology is proposed to analyze existing products in view of their functional and physical architecture. The aim is to cluster these products in new assembly oriented product families for the optimization of existing assembly lines and the creation of future reconfigurable assembly systems. Based on Datum Flow Chain, the physical structure of the products is analyzed. Functional subassemblies are identified, and a functional analysis is performed. Moreover, a hybrid functional and physical architecture graph (HyFPAG) is the output which depicts the similarity between product families by providing design support to both, production system planners and product designers. An illustrative example of a nail-clipper is used to explain the proposed methodology. An industrial case study on two product families of steering columns of thyssenkrupp Presta France is then carried out to give a first industrial evaluation of the proposed approach. Abstract Sustainable machining of difficult-to-cut materials requires effective cooling and lubrication techniques. To substitute conventional flood cooling and lubrication, different techniques such as cryogenic cooling and/or minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) can be used. Liquid carbon dioxide (LCO2) can be pre-mixed with different lubricants before its delivery to the cutting zone. This article investigates the influence of this recently developed cooling and lubrication method on surface integrity characteristics in milling of Inconel 718. Surface roughness, surface topography and microstructure were evaluated for flood lubrication, dry cutting and LCO2 machining using a single-channel LCO2 and MQL strategy. Moreover, two different lubricants were evaluated for MQL: (i) conventional MQL oil and (ii) solid lubricant molybdenum di-sulphide (MoS2). In addition to being environmentally friendly, MoS2 lubricated LCO2 showed comparable surface characteristics to flood lubrication. Also, the use of lubricated LCO2 resulted in higher part surface cleanliness compared to flood lubrication. Abstract Sustainable machining of difficult-to-cut materials requires effective cooling and lubrication techniques. To substitute conventional flood cooling and lubrication, different techniques such as cryogenic cooling and/or minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) can be used. Liquid carbon dioxide (LCO2) can be pre-mixed with different lubricants before its delivery to the cutting zone. This article investigates the influence of this recently developed cooling and lubrication method on surface integrity characteristics in milling of Inconel 718. Surface roughness, surface topography and microstructure were evaluated for flood lubrication, dry cutting and LCO2 machining using a single-channel LCO2 and MQL strategy. Moreover, two different lubricants were evaluated for MQL: (i) conventional MQL oil and (ii) solid lubricant molybdenum di-sulphide (MoS2). In addition to being environmentally friendly, MoS2 lubricated LCO2 showed comparable surface characteristics to flood lubrication. Also, the use of lubricated LCO2 resulted in higher part surface cleanliness compared to flood lubrication.
doi:10.1016/j.procir.2020.02.032 fatcat:daqd4p3eprgulk4qvpn3o2q7le