"Migrant" Workers in Israeli Agriculture and Export Expansion: Is there a Link?

Ayal Kimhi, Ayal Kimhi
2013 unpublished
Historical background Jewish agricultural settlement in Israel started in the late 19 th century with the support of Baron Edmond James de Rothschild, who bought land and invested in infrastructure, farm equipment and agricultural research. Based mostly on horticulture (citrus, grapes), family farms relied on Palestinian hired labor which was abundant and cheap. In the early 20 th century, young socialist immigrants tried to compete with the Palestinians for the agricultural work, with little
more » ... work, with little success. Consequently, these immigrants later established their own agricultural settlements: first the Kibbutz, a collective commune with joint production and consumption, and later the Moshav, a cooperative village of individual family farms (Kislev, 1992) . Both Kibbutz and Moshav were based on Zionist and socialist ideology, and one of the main principles was self-employment. As a result, farms were planned to rely on family labor alone.
doi:10.22004/ag.econ.182508 fatcat:tg6hkecauzccxe2aykhrf5ndp4