Bose-Einstein Condensation of Confined Magnons in Nanostructures

Lawrence H. Bennett, Edward Della Torre
2014 Journal of Modern Physics  
A number of diverse kinds of magnetic experiments are shown to lead to the observation of a Bose-Einstein condensation of magnons in some nanostructures, especially in Fe and in Co/Pt. The experiments include 1) the measurement of magnetic aftereffect, 2) measurements of Néel's fluctuation field, including an estimate of activation volume, 3) the measurement of the energy gap which provides a lower limit on the BEC temperature, 4) using Lagrange multipliers in the quantum thermodynamics of
more » ... ns, and 5) the observation of a visible anomaly in the Bloch T 3/2 law for the temperature dependence of magnetization of nanostructured ferromagnets.
doi:10.4236/jmp.2014.58081 fatcat:2jzm74jiyjgnnddqyfolnbdhuq