Transplantation for mantle cell lymphoma: is it the right thing to do?

M. E. Williams
2013 Hematology ASH Education Program  
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a unique subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is both biologically and clinically heterogeneous. A variety of biomarkers, the achievement of minimal residual disease negativity after initial therapy, and the MCL International Prognostic Index (MIPI) are associated with patient outcome, although none has as yet been used for routine treatment stratification. Given the lack of widely accepted and standardized treatment approaches, clinical trial enrollment should
more » ... rollment should always be considered for the initial therapy of MCL. Outside of the trial setting, younger and transplantation-eligible patients with newly diagnosed MCL who require treatment should first be considered for a rituximab ϩ a high-dose cytarabine-containing regimen, followed by autologous stem cell transplantation consolidation in first remission. Symptomatic elderly and nontransplantation-eligible individuals typically receive rituximab ϩ bendamustine, or R-CHOP (rituximab ϩ cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, vincristine, prednisone/ prednisolone) followed by maintenance rituximab, the latter a treatment plan that has demonstrated extended response duration and survival. Promising early results for consolidation approaches with proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulatory drugs are now being tested in randomized clinical trials. The availability of highly active BCR signaling pathway inhibitors and cell death pathway modulation via BH3 mimetics, among other novel agents, promise to rapidly expand treatment options, change existing treatment paradigms, and further improve outcomes for MCL patients.
doi:10.1182/asheducation-2013.1.568 pmid:24319233 fatcat:pj4agm36pncrlgqwndtqjjxg2a