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Ocean Response to the Pinatubo and 1259 Volcanic Eruptions
Ocean and Polar Research
The ocean's response to the Pinatubo and 1259 volcanic eruptions was investigated using an ocean general circulation model equipped with an energy balance model. Volcanic eruptions release gases into the atmosphere which increases the aerosol optical depth and acts to reduce the incoming short-wave radiation. For example, there was a huge volcanic eruption (Pinatubo) in 1991 which reduced the global mean radiative forcing by about 3 W m −2 . Two numerical experiments were simulated. The firstdoi:10.4217/opr.2012.34.3.305 fatcat:wd6nngigv5bcvgdlu25v7fyiry