Science and Climate Change Policy Making: A Comparative Network Perspective [chapter]

Jeffrey Broadbent
2010 Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies for Climate Change  
A successful international treaty able to mitigate global climate change (CC) (by reducing GHG emissions or protecting forest sinks) will depend upon earnest cooperation from major responsible nations. However, so far, most national mitigation efforts have been weak to non-existent. There is a crucial need to understand the underlying factors in society that facilitate or hinder national mitigation efforts and treaty compliance. The research project Comparing Climate Change Policy Networks
more » ... olicy Networks (abbreviated Compon) addresses this need by testing hypotheses about such factors through rigorous, empirical cross-national data collection, analysis and comparison. Teams in 16 societies plus the international arena follow a common policy network methodology collecting and analyzing media, interviews and quantitative network surveys. National response to CC is evident in how its members talk about and evaluate (discourse), mobilize to affect (action), and attain power to implement (or stop) mitigation policies. These processes are affected by their context, such as type of political system and level of economic development. The degree of national mitigation may depend upon cultural predispositions to accept scientific logic, international norms and the public good; the legitimacy of domestic climate change science and freedom of the media; the capacity for social mobilization into movements and advocacy coalitions, the relative strength of networks, the presence of stakeholder participation forums; the intensity of interest groups defense of fossil fuel usage; and the ways that political institutions shape contention. The chapter presents an illustrative comparison of Sweden, Japan and the United States.
doi:10.1007/978-4-431-99798-6_13 fatcat:ugnr3dcygnexzcr5bj67v33bda