Synergetic Effect of Organic Flocculant and Montmorillonite Clay on the Removal of nano-CuO by Coagulation-Flocculation-Sedimentation Process

Rizwan Khan, Muhammad Ali Inam, Kang Hoon Lee, Abdul Sami Channa, Mukhtiar Ali Mallah, Young Min Wie, Mahmood Nabi Abbasi
2021 Nanomaterials  
The widespread usage of nano-copper oxide particles (nano-CuO) in several industrial products and applications raises concerns about their release into water bodies. Thus, their elimination from drinking water is essential to reduce the risk to human health. This work investigated the removal of nano-CuO from pure water and montmorillonite clay (MC) suspensions using poly aluminum ferric chloride (PAFC) as well as cationic polyacrylamide (PAM) by the coagulation-flocculation-sedimentation
more » ... ) process. Moreover, the PAFC and PAFC/PAM flocculation performance for various nano-CuO particles concentrations, dosages, pH, settling times and stirring speeds were also investigated. The findings showed that the removal of nano-CuO and turbidity in MC suspension were higher as compared to pure water. Moreover, the combined effect of PAFC/PAM on the elimination of nano-CuO and turbidity was also substantially better than the individual use of PAFC or PAM. The efficient removal of CuO was observed in the solution containing higher mass concentration in the order (10 mg/L > 2.5 mg/L > 1 mg/L) with an increased coagulant dose. The improved removal performance of nano-CuO was observed in a pH range of 7–11 under various water matrices. The C/F/S conditions of nano-CuO were further optimized by the Box–Behnken statistical experiment design and response surface methodology. The PAFC/PAM dose resulted in the maximum removal of nano-CuO (10 mg/L) in both pure water (>97%) and MC suspension (>99%). The results of particle monitoring and Fourier transform infrared of composite flocs revealed that the main removal mechanism of nano-CuO may be the combined effect of neutralization, complexation as well as adsorption.
doi:10.3390/nano11102753 pmid:34685190 fatcat:wk3mnwnb4fdqvf5yg3ns5vrxlm