Comparison of Immunohistochemistry and Conventional Stains for Helicobacter Pylori Detection in Gastric Biopsies of Patients Receiving Proton Pump Inhibitors

Kongsak Loharamtaweethong, Napaporn Puripat
2020 Journal of Health Science and Medical Research  
Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of different staining methods for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in patients treated with proton pump inhibitors (PPI) Material and Methods: This is a retrospective study involving 75 gastric biopsies from patients with and without PPI therapy between October 2018 and September 2019. Slides were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E); Giemsa and immunohistochemical staining (IHC) was done using polyclonal anti-H. pylori antibodies.
more » ... analysis was performed to determine any association between the results of different staining methods and PPI consumption. Sensitivity, specificity and positive-negative predictive values of H&E and Giemsa stains were calculated. Results: Overall, H. pylori infection was detected in 33.3% of patients using IHC, 26.7% using H&E, and 28.0% via Giemsa staining. A strong correlation was found between PPI consumption and low H. pylori density detected via IHC (p-value=0.015) but not using H&E and Giemsa staining. The sensitivity of H&E and Giemsa was markedly reduced as a result of PPI consumption (57.1% to 18.2% vs. 85.7% to 27.3%, respectively). Conclusion: Identification of H. pylori using IHC in patients treated with PPI was superior to H&E and Giemsa stains. Both H&E and Giemsa stains showed a marked decrease in sensitivity in patients receiving PPI. The results indicate that IHC should be performed in patients with PPI therapy instead of H&E or Giemsa stains, and PPI should be discontinued for at least 14 days before the performance of endoscopy.
doi:10.31584/jhsmr.2020752 fatcat:wf4swpc55ngz3hww4yrjfxktza