Predictive value of S-100 protein for prognosis in patients with moderate and severe traumatic brain injury: systematic review and meta-analysis

E. Mercier, A. Boutin, F. Lauzier, D. A. Fergusson, J.-F. Simard, R. Zarychanski, L. Moore, L. A. McIntyre, P. Archambault, F. Lamontagne, F. Legare, E. Randell (+3 others)
2013 The BMJ (British Medical Journal)  
Objectives To determine the ability and accuracy of the S-100β protein in predicting prognosis after a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials and observational studies. Data sources Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, BIOSIS (from their inception to April 2012), conference abstracts, bibliographies of eligible articles, and relevant narrative reviews. Study selection Two reviewers
more » ... ently reviewed citations and selected eligible studies, defined as cohort studies or randomised control trials including patients with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury and evaluating the prognostic value of S-100β protein. Outcomes evaluated were mortality, score on the Glasgow outcome scale, or brain death. Data extraction Two independent reviewers extracted data using a standardised form and evaluated the methodological quality of included studies. Pooled results were presented with geometric means ratios and analysed with random effect models. Prespecified sensitivity analyses were performed to explain heterogeneity. Results The search strategy yielded 9228 citations. Two randomised controlled trials and 39 cohort studies were considered eligible (1862 patients). Most studies (n=23) considered Glasgow outcome score ≤3 as an unfavourable outcome. All studies reported at least one measurement of S-100β within 24 hours after traumatic brain injury. There was a significant positive association between S-100β protein concentrations and mortality (12 studies: geometric mean ratio 2.55, 95% confidence interval 2.02 to 3.21, I 2 =56%) and score ≤3 (18 studies: 2.62, 2.01 to 3.42, I 2 =79%). Sensitivity analysis based on sampling time, Appendix 1: Medline search strategy Appendix 2: Instrument used for evaluation of risk of bias of included studies (adapted from QUADAS-2) Appendix 3: Methodological quality of included studies (STROBE criteria) Appendix 4: Sensitivity and specificity Appendix 5: Funnel plots No commercial reuse: See rights and reprints
doi:10.1136/bmj.f1757 pmid:23558282 fatcat:2fkjgbzpjrelxpdnudgv4f75yq