MATHEMATIC AND STATISTICAL INSTRUMENTS OF DIAGNOSING THE EFFICIENCY OF ENTERPRISES PRODUCTION AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITES

L. Malyarets, A. Zhukov
2013 Economics of Development  
The completeness of diagnostic functions realization depend on the adequate instruments which help to identify the condition of a company in temporal and spatial dimensions. The analysis of the content and composition of instruments for diagnostic showed that usually they are considered by the experts in terms of use in the development of management decisions in the economy and in economic analysis. The experts recognized the priority of analytical tools, such as statistical and optimization
more » ... and optimization methods.The feasibility of using primary instruments of descriptive statistics for the diagnostics of efficiency of production and economic activity of an enterprise is explained by the possibility of an instrument "to see the whole picture" and deepen in detail.Further analysis of system efficiency indexes of production and economic activity of enterprises aimed at its diagnosis should be continued by the study of causality relationships between the selected basic components of efficiency: the efficiency of subsystems of production and economic activity of enterprises, the efficiency of certain resources use, social and environmental efficiency by means of using the method multivariate statistical analysis i.e. canonical analysis because this method allows to rank the signs or indicators of power and to determine the mechanism of the relationships between the components and efficiency indexes.A practical example proves the logic of the diagnostics of efficiency of production and economic activity of enterprises with the use of mathematic and statistical instruments: the choice of diagnostics indicators, the choice of diagnostics instruments, the study of changes in the indicators by means of instruments of descriptive statistics, the study of the relationship between the components of the efficiency of production and economic activity of enterprises, determining the mechanism of the relationship between the efficiency indexes of production and economic activity of enterprises.
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