Economic model predictive control designs for input rate-of-change constraint handling and guaranteed economic performance

Helen Durand, Matthew Ellis, Panagiotis D. Christofides
2016 Computers and Chemical Engineering  
Economic model predictive control (EMPC) has been a popular topic in the recent chemical process control literature due to its potential to improve process profit by operating a system in a time-varying manner. However, time-varying operation may cause excessive wear of the process components such as valves and pumps. To address this issue, input magnitude constraints and input rate-of-change constraints can be added to the EMPC optimization problem to prevent possible frequent and extreme
more » ... es in the requested inputs. Specifically, we develop input rate-of-change constraints that can be incorporated in Lyapunov-based EMPC (LEMPC) that ensure controller feasibility and closed-loop stability. Furthermore, we develop a terminal equality constraint for LEMPC that can ensure that the performance of LEMPC is at least as good as that of a Lyapunovbased controller in finite-time and in infinite-time. Chemical process examples demonstrate the incorporation of input rate-of-change constraints and terminal state constraints in EMPC.
doi:10.1016/j.compchemeng.2016.04.026 fatcat:fal2h6h2izdwvccf5jlms53q2i