Accurate variational electronic structure calculations with the density matrix renormalization group [article]

Sebastian Wouters
2014 arXiv   pre-print
During the past 15 years, the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) has become increasingly important for ab initio quantum chemistry. The underlying matrix product state (MPS) ansatz is a low-rank decomposition of the full configuration interaction tensor. The virtual dimension of the MPS controls the size of the corner of the many-body Hilbert space that can be reached. Whereas the MPS ansatz will only yield an efficient description for noncritical one-dimensional systems, it can still
more » ... e used as a variational ansatz for other finite-size systems. Rather large virtual dimensions are then required. The two most important aspects to reduce the corresponding computational cost are a proper choice and ordering of the active space orbitals, and the exploitation of the symmetry group of the Hamiltonian. By taking care of both aspects, DMRG becomes an efficient replacement for exact diagonalization in quantum chemistry. DMRG and Hartree-Fock theory have an analogous structure. The former can be interpreted as a self-consistent mean-field theory in the DMRG lattice sites, and the latter in the particles. It is possible to build upon this analogy to introduce post-DMRG methods. Based on an approximate MPS, these methods provide improved ans\"atze for the ground state, as well as for excitations. Exponentiation of the single-particle (single-site) excitations for a Slater determinant (an MPS with open boundary conditions) leads to the Thouless theorem for Hartree-Fock theory (DMRG), an explicit nonredundant parameterization of the entire manifold of Slater determinants (MPS wavefunctions). This gives rise to the configuration interaction expansion for DMRG. The Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation lies at the basis of auxiliary field quantum Monte Carlo for Slater determinants. An analogous transformation for spin-lattice Hamiltonians allows to formulate a promising variant for MPSs.
arXiv:1405.1225v1 fatcat:vprkiy3kg5c3zc6dwoj7phdnru