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Regulating Chemical Risks
Worldwide, environmental risk assessment strategies are based on the assumption that measuring direct effects of single substances, using a few single species tests, in combination with safety factors correcting for extrapolation inconsistencies, can be used to protect higher levels of biological organization, such as populations and even ecosystems. At the same time, we are currently facing a range of pollution problems (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Series 2005), of which some could atdoi:10.1007/978-90-481-9428-5_6 fatcat:5gpl4aum2bgiznxcfkwstjklmi