Efficient anchoring of Erianthus arundinaceus chromatin introgressed into sugarcane by specific molecular markers [post]

Yongji Huang, Jiayun Wu, Xueting Li, Fan Yu, Xuguang Hu, Ling Luo, Muqing Zhang, Liangnian Xu, Zuhu Deng
2020 unpublished
Background: Erianthus arundinaceus is a valuable gene reservoir for sugarcane improvement. However, insufficient molecular markers for high-accuracy identification and tracking of the introgression status of E. arundinaceus chromatin impede sugarcane breeding. Fortunately, suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) technology provides an excellent opportunity for development of high-throughput E. arundinaceus-specific molecular markers at a reasonable cost. Results: In this study, we
more » ... d a SSH library of E. arundinaceus. In total, 288 clones E. arundinaceus-specific repetitive sequences were screened out and their distribution patterns on chromosomes were characterized by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). A subtelomeric repetitive sequence Ea086 and a diffusive repetitive sequence Ea009, plus 45S rDNA-bearing E. arundinaceus chromosome repetitive sequence EaITS were developed as E. arundinaceus-specific molecular markers, namely Ea086-128, Ea009-257, and EaITS-278, covering all the E. arundinaceus chromosomes for high-accuracy identification of putative progeny. Both Ea086-128 and Ea009-257 were successfully applied to identify the authenticity of F1, BC1, BC2, BC3, and BC4 progeny between sugarcane and E. arundinaceus. In addition, EaITS-278 was a 45S rDNA-bearing E. arundinaceus chromosome-specific molecular marker for rapid tracking the inherited status of this chromosome in sugarcane background. Three BC3 progeny had apparently lost the 45S rDNA-bearing E. arundinaceus chromosome. Conclusions: We reported herein a highly effective and reliable SSH-based technology for discovery of high-throughput E. arundinaceus-specific sequences bearing high potential as molecular markers. Given its reliability and savings in time and efforts, the method is also suitable for development of species-specific molecular markers for other important wild relatives to accelerate introgression of wild relatives into sugarcane.
doi:10.21203/rs.2.23548/v2 fatcat:p5y22bksf5ekpnnnznt3jx655y