Breakdown of adiabatic transfer of light in waveguides in the presence of absorption

Eva-Maria Graefe, Alexei A. Mailybaev, Nimrod Moiseyev
2013 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
In atomic physics, adiabatic evolution is often used to achieve a robust and efficient population transfer. Many adiabatic schemes have also been implemented in optical waveguide structures. Recently there has been increasing interests in the influence of decay and absorption, and their engineering applications. Here it is shown that even a small decay can significantly influence the dynamical behaviour of a system, above and beyond a mere change of the overall norm. In particular, a small
more » ... can lead to a breakdown of adiabatic transfer schemes, even when both the spectrum and the eigenfunctions are only sightly modified. This is demonstrated for the generalization of a STIRAP scheme that has recently been implemented in optical waveguide structures. Here the question how an additional absorption in either the initial or the target waveguide influences the transfer property of the scheme is addressed. It is found that the scheme breaks down for small values of the absorption at a relatively sharp threshold, which can be estimated by simple analytical arguments.
doi:10.1103/physreva.88.033842 fatcat:tcagwlgdjjh27l4sz4r6ofqs24