A Higher-order Framework for Decision Problems and Games [article]

Jules Hedges, Paulo Oliva, Evguenia Winschel, Viktor Winschel, Philipp Zahn
2014 arXiv   pre-print
We introduce a new unified framework for modelling both decision problems and finite games based on quantifiers and selection functions. We show that the canonical utility maximisation is one special case of a quantifier and that our more abstract framework provides several additional degrees of freedom in modelling. In particular, incomplete preferences, non-maximising heuristics, and context-dependent motives can be taken into account when describing an agent's goal. We introduce a suitable
more » ... neralisation of Nash equilibrium for games in terms of quantifiers and selection functions. Moreover, we introduce a refinement of Nash that captures context-dependency of goals. Modelling in our framework is compositional as the parts of the game are modular and can be easily exchanged. We provide an extended example where we illustrate concepts and highlight the benefits of our alternative modelling approach.
arXiv:1409.7411v1 fatcat:yxjcxmymbzh2vpbouwavnjfzyy