The Role of Arg114 at Subsites E and F in Reactions Catalyzed by Hen Egg-White Lysozyme

Shunsuke KAWAMURA, Yuki CHIJIIWA, Toshie MINEMATSU, Tamo FUKAMIZO, Kjell M. VÅRUM, Takao TORIKATA
2008 Bioscience, biotechnology and biochemistry  
To understand better the role of subsites E and F in lysozyme-catalyzed reactions, mutant enzymes, in which Arg114, located on the right side of subsites E and F in hen egg-white lysozyme (HEL), was replaced with Lys, His, or Ala, were prepared. Replacement of Arg114 with His or Ala decreased hydrolytic activity toward an artificial substrate, glycol chitin, while replacement with Lys had little effect. Kinetic analysis with the substrate N-acetylglucosamine pentamer, (GlcNAc) 5 , revealed that
more » ... ) 5 , revealed that the replacement for the Arg residue reduced the binding free energies of E-F sites and the rate constant of transglycosylation. The rate constant of transglycosylation for R114A was about half of that for the wildtype enzyme. 1 H-NMR analysis of R114H and R114A indicated that the structural changes induced by the mutations were not restricted to the region surrounding Arg114, but rather extended to the aromatic side chains of Phe34 and Trp123, of which the signals are connected with each other through nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) in the wild-type. We speculate that such a conformational change causes differences in substrate and acceptor binding at subsites E and F, lowering the efficiency of glycosyl transfer reaction of lysozyme.
doi:10.1271/bbb.70694 pmid:18323666 fatcat:pogfo2l2ojfxdbo35uv27a4dra