Diagnostic Performance of Dual-Layer Computed Tomography for Deep Vein Thrombosis in Indirect Computed Tomography Venography

Shota Tanoue, Takeshi Nakaura, Yuji Iyama, Ayumi Iyama, Yasunori Nagayama, Morikatsu Yoshida, Yasuyuki Yamashita
2020 Circulation Journal  
The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality and diagnostic performance of virtual monochromatic images (VMI) obtained with dual-layer dual-energy computed tomography (DL-DECT) during indirect CT venography (CTV) for deep vein thrombosis (DVT).Methods and Results:This retrospective study was approved by the Institutional Review Board, which waived the requirement for informed consent. We retrospectively enrolled 45 patients who underwent CTV with DL-DECT, and VMI were retrospectively
more » ... ted. We compared the venous attenuation, noise, contrast, and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) between VMI with the highest CNR and conventional CT on paired t-test. Furthermore, we compared the pooled area under the curve (AUC) of each technique with Delong's test in 34 patients who underwent color Doppler ultrasonography. The 40-keV VMI had the best CNR. The noise was significantly lower on 40-keV (9.7±2.5 HU) than on 120-kVp VMI (10.5±2.5 HU; P<0.01). The contrast (120 kVp, 38.2±15.3 HU vs. 40 keV, 131.6±43.6 HU) and CNR (120 kVp, 3.8±1.7 vs. 40 keV, 14.4±6.1) were significantly higher in 40-keV VMI than in 120-kVp VMI (P<0.01). Furthermore, the pooled AUC was significantly higher for 40-keV (0.84) than for 120-kVp VMI (0.78; P=0.03). In indirect CTV, 40-keV VMI obtained with DL-DECT offers better image quality and diagnostic performance for DVT than conventional CT.
doi:10.1253/circj.cj-19-0722 pmid:32101814 fatcat:jnkvasfrdrgyzbbr7m3gyyvuda