Oriented Ship Detector for Remote Sensing Imagery Based on Pairwise Branch Detection Head and SAR Feature Enhancement
Recently, object detection in natural images has made a breakthrough, but it is still challenging in oriented ship detection for remote sensing imagery. Considering some limitations in this task, such as uncertain ship orientation, unspecific features for locating and classification in the complex optical environment, and multiplicative speckle interference of synthetic aperture radar (SAR), we propose an oriented ship detector based on the pairwise branch detection head and adaptive SAR
... enhancement. The details are as follows: (1) Firstly, the ships with arbitrary directions are described with a rotated ground truth, and an oriented region proposal network (ORPN) is designed to study the transformation from the horizontal region of interest to the rotated region of interest. The ORPN effectively improved the quality of the candidate area while only introducing a few parameters. (2) In view of the existing algorithms that tend to perform classification and regression prediction on the same output feature, this paper proposes a pairwise detection head (PBH) to design parallel branches to decouple classification and locating tasks, so that each branch can learn more task-specific features. (3) Inspired by the ratio-of-average detector in traditional SAR image processing, the SAR edge enhancement (SEE) module is proposed, which adaptively enhances edge pixels, and the threshold of the edge is learned by the channel-shared adaptive thresholds block. Experiments were carried out on both optical and SAR datasets. In the optical dataset, PBH combined with ORPN improved recall by 5.03%, and in the SAR dataset, the overall method achieved a maximum F1 score improvement of 6.07%; these results imply the validity of our method.