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This paper reports results on decision making decentralization and localization in a study of 119 Japanese affiliates located in Europe and the U.S. The data indicate that decisions are generally decentralized. However, they also show that Japanese managers are involved in 80% of all decisions, and many decisions are made without any involvement by local managers. Our data also indicate, however, that there are few significant relationships between decision making decentralization ordoi:10.7916/d8jw8ncs fatcat:y77uriu2x5g3xeaxxzv5el3c2e