Proceedings of the 7th international conference on Mobile systems, applications, and services - Mobisys '09
We design, implement, and evaluate a vehicular communication system that improves uplink connectivity through multi-lobe beam pattern switching on a smart antenna. Directionality and base station-diversity are two well-known, independently developed mechanisms for improving the uplink connectivity of mobile clients. In this paper, we highlight that a system combining both mechanisms can achieve significant improvement in performance with multi-lobe beams that strike a tradeoff between
... lity and diversity. This is in contrast to the mere steering of narrow beams used in conventional smart antenna systems. For tractability at vehicular speeds, our R2D2 system searches through a limited set of beam patterns with different numbers of lobes, and includes a two-stage algorithm that uses both runtime adaptation and cached candidate patterns. We design and evaluate several variants of run-time adaptation that tune the number and angle of lobes in the beam, and the bit rate. The design of these algorithms is guided by both analysis and real-world measurements with a smart antenna system mounted on a vehicle. These measurements with our prototype implementation show that R2D2 can achieve an uplink throughput increase of up to 154% over pure beamsteering and 45% over pure basestation diversity. Figure 1 : Different beam configurations for communication between clients and the receivers. B1 uses directionality with a single receiver, B2 uses diversity with all visible receivers, and B3 uses a combination of directionality and diversity with a subset of the visible receivers.