How does Inequality Affect Growth? Evidence from a Panel of Canadian Regions

Yannick Marchand, Sébastien Breau, Jürgen Essletzbichler
2019 Canadian Journal of Regional Science  
This paper investigates the effects of income inequality on regional economic growth in Canada over the 1981 to 2011 period. Using standard cross-sectional models, the consistent pattern we find is that regions with initially higher levels of inequality do subsequently experience greater average annual growth rates over the long-run. In contrast, the medium-term responses are different. Results from fixed effects models point to a negative relationship between inequality and growth. Moreover,
more » ... ross both types of models, we find significant differences for urban and rural regions.
doi:10.7202/1083622ar fatcat:6aegc77jhze33jhm6mgiltrbc4