Analysis on a diffusive SEI epidemic model with/without immigration of infected hosts

Chengxia Lei, Yi Shen, Guanghui Zhang, Yuxiang Zhang
2021 Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems. Series S  
<p style='text-indent:20px;'>In this paper, we study a reaction-diffusion SEI epidemic model with/without immigration of infected hosts. Our results show that if there is no immigration for the infected (exposed) individuals, the model admits a threshold behaviour in terms of the basic reproduction number, and if the system includes the immigration, the disease always persists. In each case, we explore the global attractivity of the equilibrium via Lyapunov functions in the case of spatially
more » ... ogeneous environment, and investigate the asymptotic behavior of the endemic equilibrium (when it exists) with respect to the small migration rate of the susceptible, exposed or infected population in the case of spatially heterogeneous environment. Our results suggest that the strategy of controlling the migration rate of population can not eradicate the disease, and the disease transmission risk will be underestimated if the immigration of infected hosts is ignored.</p>
doi:10.3934/dcdss.2021131 fatcat:a3dopixmrvej7g4hixvaufdfqe