Debora De Almeida Aloise, Wendel Coura-Vital, Mariangela Carneiro, Marlus Venâncio Rodrigues, Gislani Acásia da Silva Toscano, Ramiza Bernardino da Silva, Valter Ferreira de Andrade Neto, Ricardo Wagner Almeida Vitor
2018 Revista de Patologia Tropical  
Toxoplasmosis is one of the most prevalent parasitic infections in humans, causing severe clinical complications in immunocompromised patients or in foetuses. Estimates on the toxoplasmosis seroprevalence in human populations vary widely, even within the same region. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in the municipality of Santa Cruz, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, and identify the risk factors for toxoplasmosis. T. gondii IgG antibodies were
more » ... red in 66.2% of the studied population. The factors associated with infection were as follows: age above 45 years (OR = 7.4; 95% CI = 3.7-14.8); illiteracy (OR = 2.8; 95% CI = 1.6-5.0); the presence of more than three cats in the home (OR 2.0; 95% CI = 1.2-3.5); no water tank (OR = 2.0; 95% CI = 1.4-3.1); and consumption of raw or unpasteurized milk (OR = 2.0; 95% CI = 1.3-3.0). The risk factors identified were predominantly related to the ingestion of oocysts. This study may contribute to public health knowledge of toxoplasmosis and the definition of control programs, particularly for pregnant women from regions similar to the area studied.
doi:10.5216/rpt.v46i4.51013 fatcat:5c6ojnjqkvaq3gcsmlzsvxps54