Treatment of Aneurysms in Persistent Primitive Trigeminal Arteries with Stent-Assisted Coil Embolization
Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy
Objective: Persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) is a rare condition in which a fetal carotid-basilar anastomosis persists into adulthood. PPTA aneurysms often necessitate endovascular treatment and adjunctive techniques, such as stent-or balloon-assisted techniques, are sometimes selected. This case report describes two women in their sixties with unruptured right PPTA aneurysms who underwent stent-assisted coil embolization procedures, with consideration of the anatomical features in
... omical features in each case. Case Presentations: One patient presented with an aneurysm at the bifurcation of the PPTA and the basilar artery (BA), which was classified as Saltzman type 1 with a hypoplastic vertebral artery (VA)-BA system. A stent was deployed from the BA to the PPTA to cover the neck of the aneurysm and coil embolization was performed. The second patient presented with an aneurysm at the bifurcation of the PPTA and the internal carotid artery (ICA), which was classified as Saltzman type 2 with a hypoplastic VA-BA system. A stent was deployed from the PPTA to the petrous segment of the ICA covering the neck of the aneurysm and coil embolization was performed. In both patients, the 1-year follow-up digital subtraction angiography (DSA) showed that the aneurysms had not recurred. Conclusion: The PPTA aneurysms were successfully treated with stent-assisted coil embolization. The treatment strategy should be devised in accordance with both the lesion site and the PPTA variant. Keywords▶ persistent primitive trigeminal artery, aneurysm, stent, coil embolization Case Presentations Both patients provided written informed consent to publish information about their conditions, treatments, and outcomes. Case 1 A 65-year-old woman presented to a clinic and head magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) revealed an unruptured right PPTA aneurysm incidentally ( Fig. 1A and 1B) . Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) revealed that the This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives International License.