DyANE: Dynamics-aware node embedding for temporal networks [article]

Koya Sato, Mizuki Oka, Alain Barrat, Ciro Cattuto
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Low-dimensional vector representations of network nodes have proven successful to feed graph data to machine learning algorithms and to improve performance across diverse tasks. Most of the embedding techniques, however, have been developed with the goal of achieving dense, low-dimensional encoding of network structure and patterns. Here, we present a node embedding technique aimed at providing low-dimensional feature vectors that are informative of dynamical processes occurring over temporal
more » ... tworks -- rather than of the network structure itself -- with the goal of enabling prediction tasks related to the evolution and outcome of these processes. We achieve this by using a modified supra-adjacency representation of temporal networks and building on standard embedding techniques for static graphs based on random-walks. We show that the resulting embedding vectors are useful for prediction tasks related to paradigmatic dynamical processes, namely epidemic spreading over empirical temporal networks. In particular, we illustrate the performance of our approach for the prediction of nodes' epidemic states in a single instance of a spreading process. We show how framing this task as a supervised multi-label classification task on the embedding vectors allows us to estimate the temporal evolution of the entire system from a partial sampling of nodes at random times, with potential impact for nowcasting infectious disease dynamics.
arXiv:1909.05976v2 fatcat:55y64ijcfjas3mcfqkf22oud7q