Robust Null Broadening Beamforming Based on Covariance Matrix Reconstruction via Virtual Interference Sources

Jian Yang, Jian Lu, Xinxin Liu, Guisheng Liao
2020 Sensors  
When jammers move rapidly or an antenna platform travels at high speed, interference signals may move out of the null width in the array beampattern. Consequently, the interference suppression performance can be significantly degraded. To solve this problem, both the null broadening technique and robust adaptive beamforming are considered in this paper. A novel null broadening beamforming method based on reconstruction of the interference-plus-noise covariance (INC) matrix is proposed, in order
more » ... to broaden the null width and offset the motion of the interfering signals. In the moving case, a single interference signal can have multiple directions of arrival, which is equivalent to the existence of multiple interference sources. In the reconstruction of the INC matrix, several virtual interference sources are set up around each of the actual jammers, such that the nulls can be broadened. Based on the reconstructed INC and signal-plus-noise covariance (SNC) matrices, the steering vector of the desired signal can be obtained by solving a new convex optimization problem. Simulation results show that the proposed beamformer can effectively broaden the null width and deepen the null depth, and its performance in interference cancellation is robust against fast-moving jammers or array platform motion. Furthermore, the null depth can be controlled by adjusting the power parameters in the reconstruction process and, if the direction of interference motion is known, the virtual interference sources can be set to achieve better performance.
doi:10.3390/s20071865 pmid:32230886 fatcat:ft6qsebvlnbxfcvxytb7z3emxq