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Students' conceptions of learning represent an influential factor for learning, yet the few existing studies used measures with limited validity and lacked to provide a model for middle school students. This research aimed to provide a preliminary validation of 'Learning Conception Questionnaire' (LCQ) by Liverta Sempio and Marchetti (2001) aimed to measure conceptions of learning in a holistic way by including belief, academic emotion, and causal attributions. In the current study, the factordoi:10.15700/saje.v38n2a1453 fatcat:yyscn65lmjandddrw4fkac2j6m