Criterion 6, indicator 32 : exports as a share of wood and wood products production and imports as a share of wood and wood products production [report]

James L. Howard, Rebecca Westby, Kenneth E. Skog
2010 unpublished
The use of trade or firm names in this publication is for reader information and does not imply endorsement by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) of any product or service. The USDA prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or a
more » ... because all or a part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a complaint of discrimination, write to or call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. Abstract The United States has become progressively more reliant on imports to meet consumption needs. In roundwood equivalents, imports of wood and paper products as a share of consumption increased from 13% to 30% between 1965 and 2005. This increase is due largely to increased softwood lumber import share, which increased from 15% in 1965 to 38% in 2006. The import share for other products was stable from 1965 to 1990, but has since increased. Export share of production, over this same period, initially increased from 5% in 1965 to 16% in 1991 then decreased to 10% in 2006. This pattern is due to initial increases and subsequent declines in export share for softwood lumber, softwood plywood, and paper and paperboard. For hardwood lumber, the export share has continued to increase, and for pulp the share increased then levelled off after the mid 1990s. If these trends continue, we will become increasingly dependent on forests outside the United States-making us less self-sufficient-in providing benefits from use of wood and paper. The effects of forest management, harvesting, and processing wood in the United States would be shifted to forests and industries in other countries.
doi:10.2737/fpl-rn-318 fatcat:pphwf75ejretvo45qaqqsofyba