Adaptivity Challenges in Games and Simulations: A Survey

Ricardo Lopes, Rafael Bidarra
2011 IEEE Transactions on Computational Intelligence and AI in Games  
In computer games and simulations, content is often rather static and rigid. As a result, its pre-scripted nature can lead to predictable and impersonal gameplay, while alienating unconventional players. Adaptivity in games has therefore been recently proposed to overcome these shortcomings and make games more challenging and appealing. In this article we survey present research on game adaptivity, identifying and discussing the main challenges, and pointing out some of the most promising
more » ... ions ahead. We first survey the purposes of adaptivity, as the principles that could steer an adaptation and generation engine. From this perspective, we proceed to thoroughly discuss adaptivity's targets and methods. Current advances and successes in this emerging field point to many yet unexplored research opportunities. Among them, we discuss the use of gameplay expectations, learning preferences and assessment data in the integrated adaptation of game worlds, scenarios and quests. We conclude that, among other methods, procedural content generation and semantic modeling can powerfully combine to create off-line customized content and on-line adjustments to game worlds, scenarios and quests. These and other promising methods, deserving ample research efforts, can therefore be expected to significantly contribute towards making games and simulations even more unpredictable, effective and fun. . He graduated in electronics engineering at the University of Coimbra, Portugal, and received his PhD in computer science from Delft University of Technology. He leads the research line on game technology at the Computer Graphics Group. His current research interests include: procedural and semantic modeling techniques for the specification and generation of both virtual worlds and game play; serious gaming; semantics of navigation; and interpretation mechanisms for in-game data. He has published many papers in international journals, books and conference proceedings, and has served as member of several program committees.
doi:10.1109/tciaig.2011.2152841 fatcat:yfvywtxvnfc4pnyxmxdwwn6bpi