Recurrences in three-state quantum walks on a plane

B. Kollár, M. Štefaňák, T. Kiss, I. Jex
2010 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
We analyze the role of dimensionality in the time evolution of discrete time quantum walks through the example of the three-state walk on a two-dimensional, triangular lattice. We show that the three-state Grover walk does not lead to trapping (localization) or recurrence to the origin, in sharp contrast to the Grover walk on the two dimensional square lattice. We determine the power law scaling of the probability at the origin with the method of stationary phase. We prove that only a special
more » ... bclass of coin operators can lead to recurrence and there are no coins leading to localization. The propagation for the recurrent subclass of coins is quasi one-dimensional.
doi:10.1103/physreva.82.012303 fatcat:lc3ckwlxeva6raslhvzayf7wai