Feeding Rate and Success Rate of Foraging Waders in Tropical Intertidal Areas

Nor Atiqah Norazlimi, Department of Technology and Natural Resources, Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn, UTHM Kampus Pagoh, KM 1, Jalan Panchor, 84000 Muar, Johor, MALAYSIA., Rosli Ramli, Nur Atirah Hasmi, Centre of Research for Sustainable Uses of Natural Resources, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Johor, MALAYSIA., Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA., Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perak Branch, Tapah Campus, 35400 Tapah Road, Perak, MALAYSIA.
2020 Journal of Sustainable Natural Resources  
A serious deduction in waders population worldwide has led to several study on ecology of waders in their stop-over migratory routes. Extensive study on wader's habitat used especially on their feeding ground is needed to establish a framework that channels to the conservation of waders species. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the feeding and success rates of foraging in selected species of waders at Jeram and Remis Beaches of Selangor, Malaysia. Direct observation techniques were
more » ... sed in this study. Kruskal-Wallis Analysis test shows that there was significant difference in feeding rates (H= 139.58, p < 0.001) and success rates between the species (H = 11.18, p = 0.011). Pairwise comparisons analysis proved that the differences of feeding rates occurred between Little heron and Lesser adjutant (z = 107.39, p < 0.0001); Little heron and Whimbrel (z = -159.31, p < 0.001); and Lesser adjutant and Common Redshank (z = 80.3, p < 0.001). Meanwhile, Mann-Whitney test shows that the differences lie between Little heron and Common redshank (W = 5743, p = 0.0114) and also between Lesser adjutant and Common redshank (W = 9353, p = 0.012). Spearman correlation shows that a significant correlation was found between both feeding and success rates (R = -0.293, p < 0.001). This study concluded that the feeding rates and success rates were differed between different species of waders utilizing similar feeding ground due to the differences in foraging techniques used while foraging.
doi:10.30880/jsunr.2020.01.01.005 fatcat:fydok2icdzb6ddagns6zuo5e4m