Loops in AdS from conformal field theory

Ofer Aharony, Luis F. Alday, Agnese Bissi, Eric Perlmutter
2017 Journal of High Energy Physics  
We propose and demonstrate a new use for conformal field theory (CFT) crossing equations in the context of AdS/CFT: the computation of loop amplitudes in AdS, dual to non-planar correlators in holographic CFTs. Loops in AdS are largely unexplored, mostly due to technical difficulties in direct calculations. We revisit this problem, and the dual $1/N$ expansion of CFTs, in two independent ways. The first is to show how to explicitly solve the crossing equations to the first subleading order in
more » ... bleading order in $1/N^2$, given a leading order solution. This is done as a systematic expansion in inverse powers of the spin, to all orders. These expansions can be resummed, leading to the CFT data for finite values of the spin. Our second approach involves Mellin space. We show how the polar part of the four-point, loop-level Mellin amplitudes can be fully reconstructed from the leading-order data. The anomalous dimensions computed with both methods agree. In the case of $\phi^4$ theory in AdS, our crossing solution reproduces a previous computation of the one-loop bubble diagram. We can go further, deriving the four-point scalar triangle diagram in AdS, which had never been computed. In the process, we show how to analytically derive anomalous dimensions from Mellin amplitudes with an infinite series of poles, and discuss applications to more complicated cases such as the ${\cal N}=4$ super-Yang-Mills theory.
doi:10.1007/jhep07(2017)036 fatcat:o667rlrzwzd2bnmmslkkzmqwfq