On environment-assisted capacities of quantum channels

Andreas Winter
<span title="2005-07-05">2005</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Following initial work by Gregoratti and Werner [J. Mod. Optics 50, 913-933, 2003 and quant-ph/0403092] and Hayden and King [quant-ph/0409026], we study the problem of the capacity of a quantum channel assisted by a "friendly (channel) environment" that can locally measure and communicate classical messages to the receiver. Previous work [quant-ph/0505038] has yielded a capacity formula for the quantum capacity under this kind of help from the environment. Here we study the problem of the
more &raquo; ... nment-assisted classical capacity, which exhibits a somewhat richer structure (at least, it seems to be the harder problem). There are several, presumably inequivalent, models of the permitted local operations and classical communications between receiver and environment: one-way, arbitrary, separable and PPT POVMs. In all these models, the task of decoding a message amounts to discriminating a set of possibly entangled states between the two receivers, by a class of operations under some sort of locality constraint. After introducing the operational capacities outlined above, we show that a lower bound on the environment-assisted classical capacity is always half the logarithm of the input space dimension. Then we develop a few techniques to prove the existence of channels which meet this lower bound up to terms of much smaller order, even when PPT decoding measurements are allowed (assuming a certain superadditivity conjecture).
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