Facial Inpainting Using Generative Adversarial Network with Feature Reconstruction and Landmark Loss to Preserve Spatial Consistency in Unaligned Face Images

Avin Maulana, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Chastine Fatichah, Nanik Suciati, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember
2020 International Journal of Intelligent Engineering and Systems  
Facial inpainting is a process to reconstruct some missing or damaged pixels in the facial image. The reconstructed pixels should still be realistic, so the observer could not differentiate between the reconstructed pixels and the original one. However, there are a few problems that may arise when the inpainting algorithm has been done. There was an inconsistency between adjacent pixels when done on an unaligned face image, which caused a failure to reconstruct. We propose an improvement method
more » ... in facial inpainting using Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) with additional loss using pre-trained network VGG-Net and face landmark. The feature reconstruction loss will help to preserve deep-feature on an image, while the landmark will increase the result's perceptual quality. The training process has been done using a curriculum learning scenario. Qualitative results show that our inpainting method can reconstruct the missing area on unaligned face images. From the quantitative results, our proposed method achieves the average score of 21.528 and 0.665, while the maximum score of 29.922 and 0.908 on PSNR (Peak Signal to Noise Ratio) and SSIM (Structure Similarity Index Measure) metrics, respectively.
doi:10.22266/ijies2020.1231.20 fatcat:aja4qj66pjavzdu5zvu22zaat4