Visual salience of the stop-signal affects neural dynamics of controlled inhibition [article]

Pierpaolo Pani, Franco Giarrocco, Margherita Giamundo, Roberto Montanari, Emiliano Brunamonti, Stefano Ferraina
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
The countermanding or stop-signal task is broadly used to evaluate response inhibition: it sporadically requires to inhibit a movement upon an incoming salient stop-signal. To study the neural basis of arm movements inhibition we combined the approach typically employed for the study of perceptual-decision making with the countermanding task, that is broadly used to evaluate response inhibition. To this aim we modified the salience of the stop-signal and we found that this modulation affected
more » ... e ability to inhibit in macaque monkeys: coherently to what already observed in humans, we found that less salient stimuli deteriorate inhibitory performance. These behavioural results were subtended by neural modulations representing an inhibitory process that started later in time and showed a less steeper dynamic for stimuli difficult to be processed. This study shows that the neural patterns observed when deciding to stop are broadly similar to the neural patterns observed when deciding to act in the literature; thus it is a first step in investigating the perceptual decision making process involved in movement inhibition.
doi:10.1101/299560 fatcat:frvjevukk5fcfa2qiwtnuxtj4q