High-molecular-weight penicillin-binding proteins from membranes of bacilli
Journal of Bacteriology
Mixtures of high-molecular-weight, cephalosporin-sensitive penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) can be purified from Bacillus subtilis membranes by cephalosporin affinity chromatography (G. Kleppe and J. L. Strominger, J. Biol. Chem. 254:4856-4862, 1979). By appropriate modification of this technique, B. subtilis PBP 1 was purified to homogeneity, and a mixture of Bacillus stearothermophilus PBPs 1, 2, and 4 was isolated. ["4C]penicillin-PBP complexes of high-molecularweight PBPs purified from
... Ps purified from membranes of these two bacilli, after denaturation, were found to have chemical reactivities typical of the penicilloyl-serine derivative formed by D-alanine carboxypeptidase from B. stearothermophilus. Although enzymatic activity catalyzed by these and several other high-molecular-weight PBPs from gram-positive organisms has not been detected with cell wall-related substrates, a slow, enzymatic acylation of B. subtilis PBPs 1, 2ab, and 4 by [14C]diacetyl-L-lysyl-D-alanyl-D-lactate was demonstrated. Further study is necessary to clarify the physiological relevance of the slow acylation by this analog of a natural cell wall biosynthetic intermediate.