Morphological and Structural Evaluation of Hydration/Dehydration Stages of MgSO4 Filled Composite Silicone Foam for Thermal Energy Storage Applications

Elpida Piperopoulos, Luigi Calabrese, Paolo Bruzzaniti, Vincenza Brancato, Valeria Palomba, Angela Caprì, Andrea Frazzica, Luisa F. Cabeza, Edoardo Proverbio, Candida Milone
2020 Applied Sciences  
Salt hydrates, such as MgSO4∙7H2O, are considered attractive materials for thermal energy storage, thanks to their high theoretical storage density. However, pure salt hydrates present some challenges in real application due to agglomeration, corrosion and swelling problems during hydration/dehydration cycles. In order to overcome these limitations, a composite material based on silicone vapor-permeable foam filled with the salt hydrate is here presented. For its characterization, a real-time
more » ... tion, a real-time in situ environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) investigation was carried out in controlled temperature and humidity conditions. The specific set-up was proposed as an innovative method in order to evaluate the morphological evolution of the composite material during the hydrating and dehydrating stages of the salt. The results evidenced an effective micro-thermal stability of the material. Furthermore, dehydration thermogravimetric/differential scanning calorimetric (TG/DSC) analysis confirmed the improved reactivity of the realized composite foam compared to pure MgSO4∙7H2O.
doi:10.3390/app10020453 fatcat:j7hjo63n3vdzfcm3fkcphjrvfe