Predicting Self-Control on the Basis of Patience and Its Components Among High School Studentsdents
Practice in Clinical Psychology
Objective: The current study aimed at investigating the role of patience and its components in predicting self-control among high school students in Shiraz, Iran. Methods: The statistical population of the study included all high school students of Shiraz. Three hundred and thirty-two students (161 females and 171 males) were recruited via cluster sampling method. The subjects participated in the study by completing the patience scale for children and adolescents and self-control scale. To
... trol scale. To analyze the data, mean, standard deviation (SD), and Pearson correlation coefficient were used. Moreover, to investigate the role of patience and its components in predicting self-control, simultaneous multiple regression analysis was utilized. Results: The results showed that patience total score and the components of transcendence, contentment, persistence, and hesitation positively and significantly correlated with self-control (P < 0.01). Patience total score also positively and significantly predicted self-control (β = 0.58; P < 0.001). This variable explained 33% of the variance. Moreover, transcendence (β = 0.18; P < 0.001), hesitation (β = 0.27; P < 0.001), and persistence (β = 0.35; P < 0.001) positively and significantly predicted self-control. These variables explained 36% of the variance. Conclusion: According to the role of patience and its components in predicting self-control, it is recommended to utilize educational strategies of patience to enhance self-control among high school students. To emphasize the components of patience in teaching educational strategies of patience is also suggested.