On First-Passage Times and Sojourn Times in Finite QBD Processes and Their Applications in Epidemics

Antonio Gómez-Corral, Martín López-García, Maria Jesus Lopez-Herrero, Diana Taipe
2020 Mathematics  
In this paper, we revisit level-dependent quasi-birth-death processes with finitely many possible values of the level and phase variables by complementing the work of Gaver, Jacobs, and Latouche (Adv. Appl. Probab. 1984), where the emphasis is upon obtaining numerical methods for evaluating stationary probabilities and moments of first-passage times to higher and lower levels. We provide a matrix-analytic scheme for numerically computing hitting probabilities, the number of upcrossings, sojourn
more » ... time analysis, and the random area under the level trajectory. Our algorithmic solution is inspired from Gaussian elimination, which is applicable in all our descriptors since the underlying rate matrices have a block-structured form. Using the results obtained, numerical examples are given in the context of varicella-zoster virus infections.
doi:10.3390/math8101718 fatcat:eycaavdaxrg2tgcyj73nrwuda4