Cyber Threat Intelligence Model: An Evaluation of Taxonomies, Sharing Standards, and Ontologies within Cyber Threat Intelligence [article]

Vasileios Mavroeidis, Siri Bromander
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Cyber threat intelligence is the provision of evidence-based knowledge about existing or potential threats. Benefits of threat intelligence include increased situational awareness, efficiency in security operation centers, and improved prevention, detection, and response capabilities. To process, analyze, and correlate vast amounts of threat information and derive highly contextual intelligence that can be shared and consumed in meaningful times requires utilizing machine-understandable
more » ... e representation formats that embed the industry-required expressivity and are unambiguous. To a large extend, this is achieved by technologies like ontologies, interoperability schemas, and taxonomies. This research evaluates existing cyber-threat-intelligence-relevant ontologies, sharing standards, and taxonomies for the purpose of measuring their high-level conceptual expressivity with regards to the who, what, why, where, when, and how elements of an adversarial attack in addition to courses of action and the ability to capture more technical indicators. The results confirm that little emphasis has been given to developing a comprehensive cyber threat intelligence ontology with existing efforts not being thoroughly designed, non-interoperable and ambiguous, and lacking semantic reasoning capability.
arXiv:2103.03530v1 fatcat:2w7dyolppvhexjykmjti6yewly