Distance Measurement Systems Using Lasers and Their Applications

Joao Antonio Santos Dias Fonseca, Antonio Baptista, Ma Joao Martins, Joao Paulo N. Torres
2017 Applied Physics Research  
Optical measuring systems came to offer new ways to determine distances, deformations or vibrations through more accurate and greater range methods. Technological progress has allowed a significant improvement of several components, including the optical ones. Thus, the development of essential measurement methods is crucial to keep up with technological advances.In this paper, the three basic methods of measurement are studied – triangulation, telemetry and interferometry, covering their main
more » ... overing their main applications, advantages and disadvantages, and theoretically substantiating each of the methods. The results of simulation routines for each method are shown along this work. For the triangulation method we made two experiments which demonstrate the functioning of the method in measuring distances and surfaces.For the telemetry method, experimental setups were studied to apply the method of pulse telemetry and phase comparison telemetry to measure distances,Thus, it is intended to set up the basis for the future development of more complex methods.
doi:10.5539/apr.v9n4p33 fatcat:bea7dwsi7zbr7ng5i7khnegx5q