Left ventricular dyssynchrony from right ventricular pacing depends on intraventricular conduction pattern in intrinsic rhythm

M. Schmidt, H. Rittger, H. Marschang, A.-M. Sinha, M. Daccarett, J. Brachmann, M. Block, O. A. Breithardt
2009 European Journal of Echocardiography  
Aims Right ventricular pacing (RVP) prolongs ventricular activation and may induce mechanical dyssynchrony. We hypothesized that the severity of RVP-associated ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony may depend on the intrinsic intraventricular conduction pattern. Methods and results Sixty-five patients with a single-or dual-chamber RV pacemaker were included. Fortyseven patients with ejection fraction (EF) 35%, 17 with no bundle branch block (BBB), 16 with right bundle branch block (RBBB), and 14
more » ... ith left bundle branch block (LBBB). Eighteen patients with EF . 35% and no BBB served as a control group. Echocardiographic dyssynchrony parameters [aortic pre-ejection delay (AoPEP), interventricular mechanical delay, delayed posterior left ventricular wall motion, and septalto-posterior wall motion delay (SPWMD)] were evaluated in all patients with and without RVP. No dyssynchrony was found in patients with no BBB, RBBB, and in the control group, whereas LBBB patients showed significant dyssynchrony in AoPEP and SPWMD. RVP had a significant negative impact on all dyssynchrony parameters in patients with no BBB or LBBB. RVP induced significantly less severe dyssynchrony in RBBB patients. With RVP 100, 94, 56 and 16% of patients with LBBB, without BBB, RBBB, and from the control group, respectively, fulfilled the CARE-HF criteria for ventricular dyssynchrony. Conclusion RVP worsens mechanical ventricular dyssynchrony in patients with reduced EF. These effects are most pronounced in patients with either normal QRS width or LBBB during intrinsic rhythm. In contrast, patients with an RBBB during intrinsic rhythm without RVP evidenced a better preserved haemodynamic function and mechanical synchrony with RVP, despite a comparable extent of pacing-induced QRS prolongation. KEYWORDS Left bundle branch block; Right bundle branch block; Mechanical ventricular dyssynchrony
doi:10.1093/ejechocard/jep069 pmid:19515706 fatcat:qfoc5ejlynfyrfnclzk4wqpudy