Charging of particles in a plasma
Plasma Sources Science & Technology
Several models that predict the charge of particles in a plasma are reviewed. The simplest is based on orbit-limited probe theory. This basic model can be improved by adding several effects: charge reduction at high dust densities, electron emission, ion trapping and fluctuations. The charge is reduced at high dust densities, when a significant fraction of the charge In the plasma resides on the particles, depleting the plasma. Electron emission due to electron impact or ultraviolet exposure
... aviolet exposure can cause a particle to have a positive charge, which has useful implications for plasma processing, since particles are confined in a discharge only if they have a negative charge. lon trapping occurs due to ion-neutral collisions within the attractive Debye sphere of a negatively charged particle. Trapped ions reduc'e the net electric force on a particle. A particle's charge fluctuates because the currents collected from the plasma consist of discrete charges arriving at the particle at random intervals. The root mean square fractional fluctuation level varies as 0.5(N)_", where (N) = (Q)/e is the mean number of electron charges on the particle.