1890 The Lancet  
read papers on Ancesthetiea. Demonstrations of various methods of operating (clinics) were especially numerous, amongst which must be mentioned Dr. Hewitt's anaesthetising with nitrous oxide and oxygen, using his improved apparatus. VITAL STATISTICS. HEALTH OF ENGLISH TOWNS. IN twenty-eight of the largest English towns 5649 births and 3907 deaths were registered during the week ending Aug. 23rd. The annual rate of mortality in these towns, which had been 19-2 and 21-0 per 1000 in the preceding
more » ... 0 in the preceding two weeks, was again 21-0 last week. The rate was 19'2 in London and 22-4 in the twenty-seven provincial towns. During the first eight weeks of the current quarter the death-rate in the twenty-eight towns averaged z9 per 1000, and was 1'5 below the mean rate in the corresponding periods of the ten years 1880-89. The lowest rates in these towns last week were 13'0 in Bristol, 14'4 in Birkenhead, and 15'3 in Nottingham and in Halifax. The rates in the z , other towns ranged upwards to 27-5 in Salford, 27'6 in Sheffield, 29'4 in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and 31'7 in Preston. The deaths referred to the principal zymotic diseases, which had increased in the preceding five weeks from 526 to 960, further rose last week to 999; they included 705 from diarrhoea, 106 from measles, 72 from whooping-cough, 56 from scarlet fever, 36 from diphtheria, 24 from "fever" (principally enteric), and not one from small-pox. The lowest death-rates from these diseases were recorded in Halifax, Blackburn, Bristol, and Oldham, and the highest rates in Salford, Birmingham, Norwich, and Preston. The greatest mortality from measles occurred in Birkenhead and Bradford ; from scarlet fever in Hud-.dersfield, Manchester, and Bolton; from whooping-cough in
doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(02)17472-1 fatcat:rhm6nbd3dbg4baxnjg7lo4ubqi