The Memorial Inscriptions of Al-Sultan Al-Nasir Faraj Ibn Barquq mosque (Zawiyat al-Dheisheh)

Hussein Mohammed Ahmed Osman
2019 مجلة الآداب والعلوم الإنسانیة  
-Facilitate the task of tour guides in terms of reading these inscriptions, knowledge of their content and the distinction between the types of scripts. It is noted that many tourist guidesespecially the graduates of the colleges of tourism and archeology -did not pay attention to these inscriptions, which requires focus as well as the presence of specialists. In addition, these inscriptions represent a fertile guidance material as they enrich the guide's archaeological information. AL-Sultan
more » ... mation. AL-Sultan al-Nasir Faraj ibn Barquq: He was Sultan Faraj ibn Barquq ibn Anas al-Jarkasi, nicknamed al-Nasir, born in Rabīʿ al-ʾawwal of 791 AH in the days of the sedition that took place between for his father. Therefore, his father called him Belghaq, then Faraj. He came to rule on Friday in the half of Shawwal (801 AH / 1399 AD) and dubbed Sultan al-Malik al-Nasir when he was under ten and he was said to be ten years and six months. He was called Zin eddine Abi al-Sa'adat, the twenty-sixth sultan of the Turks and the second of the Circassians. In his reign and for his young age, a conflict took place between the amirs and was accompanied by a rise in prices, looting, theft and insecurity. In addition, Tamerlane attacked the Levant in (803 AH / 1400 AD), destroyed Aleppo and killed its people. When the Sultan went out to fight Tamerlane, he was overthrown, which made him return to Egypt. He left the Levant to be conquered by Tamerlane. After the Sultan's return to Egypt, a great drought afflicted the Nile and it was followed by marvelous rise in prices which led to great mortalities of hunger and poverty. The Sultan left the throne in Rabīʿ al-ʾawwal of (808 AH / 1405 AD)at the age of 17. He was succeeded by his brother al-Mansour Abdul Aziz for about two months and ten days. However, he came to rule once again in Jumada II of 808 AH, seized his brother, imprisoned and killed him later. Afterwards, he entered into many wars against al-Muayyad Shaykh but he was defeated and fled to Damascus where he sought refuge in its stronghold. He was surrounded by al-Muayyad Shaykh and was captured in Safar in 815 AH. He was killed, after consulting the scholars, because he committed taboos, grievances and great calamities. He was killed on Saturday night, 16 Safar, 815 AH / 1412 AD at the age of about twenty-four years and eight months. His first tenure lasted for 6 years, 5 months and 11 days and was displaced for seventy days. As for his second tenure, it lasted for six years and ten months, so he ruled for 13 years,3 months and 11 days on the whole. He was a competent sultan, a generous knight, unjust, stern, drunkard, delving into the sensuous life and greedy for others' money. He was buried in the tombs of Damascus. His most important constructions include his Khanaqa in al-Qarafa, al-Jāmi' al-Abyad in the sultanic yard in the Citadel as well as his zawiya 1 .
doi:10.21608/fjhj.2019.176753 fatcat:i52oyucz7rg2znvmvt54hvjl34